Given two positive numbers M and N, such that M is between 100 and 10000 and N is less than 100. Find the smallest integer that is greater t...

Given two positive numbers M and N, such that M is between 100 and 10000 and N is less than 100. Find the smallest integer that is greater than M and whose digits add up to N. For example, if M=100 and N=11, then the smallest integer greater than 100 whose digits add up to 11 is 119.

Write a program to accept the numbers M and N from the user and print the smallest required number whose sum of all its digits is equal to N. Also, print the total number of digits present in the required number. The program should check for the validity of the inputs and display an appropriate message for an invalid input.

Test your program with the sample data and some random data:

Example 1

``````INPUT:    M = 100
N = 11
OUTPUT:   The required number = 119
Total number of digits = 3
``````

Example 2

``````INPUT:    M = 1500
N = 25
OUTPUT:   The required number = 1699
Total number of digits = 4
``````

Example 3

``````INPUT:   M = 99
N = 11
OUTPUT:  INVALID INPUT
``````

Example 4

``````INPUT:   M = 112
N = 130
OUTPUT:  INVALID INPUT
``````
``````import java.util.*;

class ISCprac2015q01
{
public static void main(String args[])
throws InputMismatchException{
Scanner scan=new Scanner(System.in);

System.out.println("Enter M and N where M is between 100 and 10000 and N is less than 100");
int m=scan.nextInt();
byte n = scan.nextByte();

if(m < 100 || m > 10000){
System.out.println("INVALID INPUT");
}
else if(n >=100){
System.out.println("INVALID INPUT");
}
else{

int p = m,t;
byte sum,nod;

do{
t = p++; // copy number and increment it for next number
sum = 0;
nod = 0;
//find the sum of digits of the number
while(t > 0){
sum = (byte)(sum + t%10); //extract digit and calculate sum
t = t/10;
nod++; //count digits
}

}while(sum != n); // keep repeating until the sum is not equal to the number n

System.out.println("The required number = "+(p-1));
System.out.println("Total number of digits = "+(nod));
}// else

}//end of main
}//end of class
``````